Sunday, December 1, 2019

Flashcards for effective Learning

How to Create and Practice Flashcards Like a Boss - David Handel, MD - Medium
Illustration of a flashcard within a flashcard within a David Handel, MD

"Create your flashcards while consuming your learning content. 
(When I use the word content, I’m referring to the academic materials that you can read, watch or listen to.) That way you will know that you have included everything that you want to remember in your flashcard collection. 

I am a huge proponent of reading things only once. Rereading is one of the biggest inefficiencies that cause students to lose precious time and set themselves back. Don’t reread. Don’t read, make highlights and then reread highlights over and over. Don’t read and make notes and then read your notes over and over. Don’t create your own summary and then read and reread your summary. All of those activities are passive approaches to remembering what you’ve learned.

The only active approach is to practice retrieving what you learn from memory.
So here is the blueprint for achieving academic success:

Read once and create flashcards as you work your way through the material.
Capture all of the concepts and facts that you want to ensure you’ll remember. 

Once you have processed that piece of learning content, meaning once you have read it in its entirety and created the necessary flashcards, mark it as completed. Then use the flashcards and retrieval practice as your primary tools for remembering the key concepts and facts forever.

When you create a flashcard, draft the question and answer from memory

On every flashcard, ask only one question and whenever possible, only have one answer.

Keep the question concise but make it just long enough to be explicit and clear.

Carefully craft your question to elicit the best and most complete answer.

It’s better for the question to be longer than the answer.

It is far easier to retrieve a memory when you use a combination of words and images to encode it.

You can use an image as the question.

Use colors and rich text formatting to make the text more memorable.

Use humor, narratives and personal examples to make flashcards more interesting.

Break it down into its component parts and test your comprehension.


Sunday, November 24, 2019

book: Powerful Teaching: Unleash the Science of Learning

Recommendations | Barbara Oakley

"If we had to select a single book to recommend to instructors of any kind, it would be this masterpiece—the best book on teaching that we’ve ever read.

In Powerful Teaching, Agarwal and Bain provide a tour de force of practical ideas and explanations involving retrieval practice, explaining how this vital topic is related to concepts such as interleaving, deliberate practice, formative assessments.

Retrieval practice is so much deeper than simple memorization: As Powerful Teaching notes: “we typically focus on getting information into students’ heads. On the contrary, one of the most robust findings from cognitive science research is the importance of getting information out of students’ heads. Based on a century of research, in order to transform learning, we must focus on getting information out – a strategy called retrieval practice.”

Powerful Teaching: Unleash the Science of Learning: Pooja K. Agarwal, Patrice M. Bain: 9781119521846: AmazonSmile: Books

Powerful Teaching: Unleash the Science of Learning - Pooja K. Agarwal, Patrice M. Bain - Google Books

Saturday, October 5, 2019

book: Why We Sleep by Matt Walker

Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams: Matthew Walker PhD: 9781501144325: Books

TED talk: 
Sleep is your superpower | Matt Walker - YouTube

Matthew Walker: "Why We Sleep: The New Science of Sleep and Dreams" | Talks at Google - YouTube

WHY WE SLEEP by Matthew Walker PhD | Core Message - YouTube
Productivity Game

How To Improve Your Sleep | Matthew Walker - YouTube

search: why we sleep matthew walker - YouTube

Why We Sleep by Matthew Walker: Summary & Notes

Why We DON’T Sleep - +1 | Optimize

Top 10 Sleep Kryptonites.

1. Simply not valuing sleep

2. Inconsistency

3. Screens. Solution: Digital sunset!

4. Anxiety.

5. Caffeine. Caffeine works because it basically masks your fatigue. It has a half-life of 5-6 hours—which means that if you have 100 mg of caffeine at 4:00 pm, around half of that caffeine is still having a party in your brain at 10:00 pm. Not helpful for sleep. Solution: Create a caffeine curfew. Stop consumption after 2:00 (or noon) (or whatever is your ideal).

6. Alcohol

7. Tobacco

8. Eating too late

9. Exercising too late

10. Suboptimal sanctuary. Your sleep environment matters. A lot. Key things to Optimize? Temperature should be around 65 degrees. It should be SUPER dark. Blackout curtains for the win. And, of course, make it quiet.

Why We Sleep by Matthew Walker PhD - PhilosophersNotes | Optimize

Friday, July 5, 2019

book:12 Rules for Life by Jordan B. Peterson

12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos: Jordan B. Peterson: 9780345816023: Books

Jordan Peterson | 12 Rules For Life

12 Rules for Life - Wikipedia
  1. Stand up straight with your shoulders back (lobsters & Serotonin & Yin and yang)
  2. Treat yourself like someone you are responsible for helping
  3. Make friends with people who want the best for you
  4. Compare yourself to who you were yesterday, not to who someone else is today
  5. Do not let your children do anything that makes you dislike them
  6. Set your house in perfect order before you criticize the world
  7. Pursue what is meaningful (not what is expedient)
  8. Tell the truth – or, at least, don't lie
  9. Assume that the person you are listening to might know something you don't
  10. Be precise in your speech
  11. Do not bother children when they are skateboarding
  12. Pet a cat when you encounter one on the street

Sunday, June 30, 2019

book: The Miracle Morning

THE MIRACLE MORNING by Hal Elrod | Core Message - YouTube
by Productivity Game


  • Silence 
  • Affirmations
  • Visualizing
  • Exercising 
  • Reading 
  • Scribing 

"Our levels of success will rarely exceed our level of personal development, because success is something we attract by who we become." – Jim Rohn
 Actionable Insights - Productivity Game

Sunday, April 28, 2019

book: Eat That Frog! by Brian Tracy

1 Set the Table
2 Plan Every Day In Advance
3 Apply the 80/20 Rule to Everything
4 Consider the Consequences
5 Practice Creative Procrastination
6 Use the ABCDE Method Continually
7 Focus on Key Result Areas
8 The Law of Three
9 Prepare Thoroughly Before You Begin
10 Take It One Oil Barrel at a Time
11  Upgrade Your Key Skills
12  Leverage Your Special Talents
13  Identify Your Key Constraints
14  Put the Pressure on Yourself
15  Maximize Your Personal Power
16  Motivate Yourself into Action
17  Get Out of the Technological Time Sinks
18  Slice and Dice the Task
19  Create Large Chunks of Time
20  Develop a Sense of Urgency
21  Single Handle Every Task

Summary of Eat That Frog

Sunday, January 13, 2019

book: Digital Minimalism by Cal Newport Digital Minimalism: Choosing a Focused Life in a Noisy World (9780525536512): Cal Newport: Books

On Digital Minimalism - Study Hacks - Cal Newport

Digital Minimalism: Choosing a Focused Life in a Noisy World - Cal Newport

Book Summary: Digital Minimalism by Cal Newport
by samuel thomas davies

  1. 'Digital Minimalism: “A philosophy of technology use in which you focus your online time on a small number of carefully selected and optimized activities that strongly support things you value, and then happily miss out on everything else.”
  2. Digital Declutter: A practice in which you define your technology rules, take a thirty-day break, and reintroduce technology.
  3. Solitude Deprivation: A state in which you spend close to zero time alone with your own thoughts and free from input from other minds.
  4. The Social Media Paradox: Social media makes you feel both connected and lonely, happy and sad.
  5. The Bennett Principle: A practice in which you prioritize demanding activity over passive consumption, use skills to produce valuable things in the physical world, and seek activities that require real-world, structured social interactions.'