Saturday, July 24, 2021

book: Effortless

 


Effortless by Greg McKeown: 9780593135648 | PenguinRandomHouse.com: Books


Effortless: Make It Easier to Do What Matters Most by Greg McKeown @goodreads


EFFORTLESS by Greg McKeown | Core Message - YouTube by Productivity Game


Summary Of Effortless By Greg McKeown

Summary: Effortless By Greg McKeown


Greg McKeown (author) - Wikipedia


Effortless State 

is an experience many of us have had when we are physically rested, emotionally unburdened, and mentally energized. You are completely aware, alert, present, attentive, and focused on what’s important in this moment. You are able to focus on what matters most with ease.

INVERT
  • Instead of asking, “Why is this so hard?,” invert the question by asking, “What if this could be easy?”
  • Challenge the assumption that the “right” way is, inevitably, the harder one.
  • Make the impossible possible by finding an indirect approach.
  • When faced with work that feels overwhelming, ask, “How am I making this harder than it needs to be?”
ENJOY
  • Pair the most essential activities with the most enjoyable ones.
  • Accept that work and play can co-exist.
  • Turn tedious tasks into meaningful rituals.
  • Allow laughter and fun to lighten more of your moments.
RELEASE
  • Let go of emotional burdens you don’t need to keep carrying.
  • Remember: When you focus on what you lack, you lose what you have. When you focus on what you have, you get what you lack.
  • Use this habit recipe: “Each time I complain I will say something I am thankful for.”
  • Relieve a grudge of its duties by asking, “What job have I hired this grudge to do?”
REST
  • Discover the art of doing nothing.
  • Do not do more today than you can completely recover from by tomorrow.
  • Break down essential work into three sessions of no more than ninety minutes each.
  • Take an effortless nap.
NOTICE
  • Achieve a state of heightened awareness by harnessing the power of presence.
  • Train your brain to focus on the important and ignore the irrelevant.
  • To see others more clearly, set aside your opinions, advice, and judgment, and put their truth above your own.
  • Clear the clutter in your physical environment before clearing the clutter in your mind.
Effortless Action

means accomplishing more by trying less. You stop procrastinating and take the first obvious step. You arrive at the point of completion without overthinking. You make progress by pacing yourself rather than powering through. You overachieve without overexerting.

DEFINE
  • To get started on an essential project, first define what “done” looks like.
  • Establish clear conditions for completion, get there, then stop.
  • Take sixty seconds to focus on your desired outcome.
  • Write a “Done for the Day” list. Limit it to items that would constitute meaningful progress.

START
  • Make the first action the most obvious one.
  • Break the first obvious action down into the tiniest, concrete step. Then name it.
  • Gain maximum learning from minimal viable effort.
  • Start with a ten-minute microburst of focused activity to boost motivation and energy.
SIMPLIFY
  • To simplify the process, don’t simplify the steps: simply remove them.
  • Recognize that not everything requires you to go the extra mile.
  • Maximize the steps not taken.
  • Measure progress in the tiniest of increments.
PROGRESS
  • When you start a project, start with rubbish.
  • Adopt a “zero-draft” approach and just put some words, any words, on the page.
  • Fail cheaply: make learning-sized mistakes.
  • Protect your progress from the harsh critic in your head.
PACE
  • Set an effortless pace: slow is smooth, smooth is fast.
  • Reject the false economy of “powering through.”
  • Create the right range: I will never do less than X, never more than Y.
  • Recognize that not all progress is created equal.
Effortless Results

You’ve continued to cultivate your Effortless State. You’ve started to take Effortless Action with clarity of objective, tiny, obvious first steps, and a consistent pace. You are achieving the results you want, more easily. But now you want those results to continue to flow to you, again and again, with as little additional effort as possible. You are ready to achieve Effortless Results.

LEARN
  • Learn principles, not just facts and methods.
  • Understand first principles deeply and then apply them again and again.
  • Stand on the shoulders of giants and leverage the best of what they know.
  • Develop unique knowledge, and it will open the door to perpetual opportunity.
LIFT
  • Use teaching as a lever to harness the strength of ten.
  • Achieve far-reaching impact by teaching others to teach.
  • Live what you teach, and notice how much you learn.
  • Tell stories that are easily understood and repeated.
AUTOMATE
  • Free up space in your brain by automating as many essential tasks as possible.
  • Use checklists to get it right every time, without having to rely on memory.
  • Seek single choices that eliminate future decisions.
  • Take the high-tech path for the essential and the low-tech path for the nonessential.
TRUST
  • Leverage trust as the engine oil of frictionless and high-functioning teams.
  • Make the right hire once, and it will continue to produce results again and again.
  • Follow the Three I’s Rule: hire people with integrity, intelligence, and initiative.
  • Design high-trust agreements to clarify results, roles, rules, resources, and rewards.
PREVENT
  • Don’t just manage the problem. Solve it before it happens.
  • Seek simple actions today that can prevent complications tomorrow.
  • Invest two minutes of effort once to end recurring frustrations.
  • Catch mistakes before they happen; measure twice, so you only have to cut once.



Story from the book about "Vasa" ship

Vasa (ship) - Wikipedia

Vasa syndrome - Wikipedia

"Vasa syndrome is a term used in both management and marketing circles referring to problems in communication and management affecting projects, sometimes causing them to fail. Its basis lies with the Swedish 17th-century warship Vasa, a ship that sank on its maiden voyage because it was too unstable.

The disaster of the Vasa has been interpreted by management experts to have been caused by problems with communication, goal setting, and a
daptability. The sinking of Vasa has also been used as an example for business managers on how to learn from previous mistakes"

Saturday, May 22, 2021

Mastery / Competency Learning

MASTERY by Robert Greene | Animated Core Message - YouTube

Amazon.com: Mastery (8601422197709): Greene, Robert: Books


Book Club: My Top 5 Takeaways from Mastery by Robert Greene - YouTube

Mastery by Robert Greene Summary & Key Lessons - Nat Eliason


Khan Academy view of mastery learning (video) | Khan Academy


Mastery learning – Instructional strategy and educational philosophy

Mastery learning maintains that students must achieve a level of mastery (e.g., 90% on a knowledge test) in prerequisite knowledge before moving forward to learn subsequent information.



Competency-based learning - Wikipedia

focuses on outcomes and real-world performance
Key concepts that make up the competency-based education framework include demonstrated mastery of a competency, meaningful types of assessment, individualized support for students, and the creation and application of knowledge


Mastery Transcript Consortium – Working consortium of public and private secondary schools


Learning management system – Software system that serves the delivery of learning content and the organisation of learning processes


CEO Talk: How to run a successful worldwide company in the education market - YouTube


Turning a math tutoring class into a homeschooling online solution


Competency Based Learning - EdTech Update

Competency-Based Learning Puts Students at the Center. It’s Perfect for Now. | EdSurge News


Educational Approach - Whitmore School Online High School

Mastery-Based Learning: online system is designed to focus on students’ strengths and achievements, rather than their limitations and failures. For example, our individually-paced mastery learning approach eliminates the “need for speed” present in a standard classroom and allows students to learn at their own natural rate. Students may begin a new course at any time during the calendar year, and progress at the pace that they find most comfortable. As long as the student eventually masters the course work, they will be awarded credit for the course.

Saturday, May 15, 2021

book: Essentialism


Amazon.com: Essentialism: The Disciplined Pursuit of Less (9780753555163): McKeown, Greg: Books

Table of Contents: Essentialism

  • Part I: Essence. The essentialist
  • Choose: the invincible power of choice
  • Discern: the unimportance of practically everything
  • Trade-off: Which problem do I want?
  • Part II: Explore. Escape: the perks of being unavailable
  • Look: see what really matters
  • Play: embrace the wisdom of your inner child
  • Sleep: protect the asset
  • Select: the power of extreme criteria
  • Part III: Eliminate. Clarify: one decision that makes a thousand
  • Dare: the power of a graceful "no"
  • Uncommit: win big by cutting your losses
  • Edit: the invisible art
  • Limit: the freedom of setting boundaries
  • Part IV: Execute. Buffer: the unfair advantage
  • Subtract: bring forth more by removing obstacles
  • Progress: the power of small wins
  • Flow: the genius of routine
  • Focus: What's important now?
  • Be: the essentialist life
  • Appendix: Leadership essentials.


Greg McKeown (author) - Wikipedia

Saturday, May 8, 2021

book: Predictably Irrational

excellent book about Behavioral economics

Predictably Irrational, Revised and Expanded Edition: The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions: Ariely, Dr. Dan: 9780061353246: Amazon.com: Books


Predictably Irrational - Wikipedia

Predictably Irrational: The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions is a 2008 book by Dan Ariely, in which he challenges readers' assumptions about making decisions based on rational thought. Ariely explains, "My goal, by the end of this book, is to help you fundamentally rethink what makes you and the people around you tick. I hope to lead you there by presenting a wide range of scientific experiments, findings, and anecdotes that are in many cases quite amusing. Once you see how systematic certain mistakes are—how we repeat them again and again—I think you will begin to learn how to avoid some of them".


author's web site:

Dan Ariely


book summaries:

Predictably Irrational by Dan Ariely: Summary and Notes - Dan Silvestre

"Predictably Irrational by Dan Ariely explores the hidden forces that shape our decisions. Ariely proves that humans are not only irrational but predictably irrational. In other words: our irrationality happens again and again. A great book to improve your decision making so you can change the way you live for the better."


Predictably Irrational - The Hidden Forces that Shape Our Decisions [Speed Summary] - Brand Genetics


related book: 

Thinking, Fast and Slow - Wikipedia

In 2002, psychologist Daniel Kahneman and economist Vernon L. Smith were awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. Kahneman was awarded the prize "for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty"


Saturday, May 1, 2021

book: Daily Stoic

Daily Stoic | Stoic Wisdom For Everyday Life

Amazon.com: The Daily Stoic: 366 Meditations on Wisdom, Perseverance, and the Art of Living: Featuring new translations of Seneca, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius eBook: Holiday, Ryan, Hanselman, Stephen: Kindle Store


Stoicism Explained In 3 Minutes - YouTube

"The chief task of the "philosopher" (love of wisdom)
is to determine what is up to as and what's not up to us"

Definition of stoicism: we don't control what happens to us
but we can control how we respond to what happens to us.

Everything that happens is an opportunity to respond with "4 virtues"

  • Courage (bravery, endurance, fortitude) 
  • Justice (fairness, good conduct)
  • Temperance (self discipline, right amount, obtain from things that don't matter)
  • Wisdom (study, life-long education jurney)
"It's not what happens, it's how you respond to what happens"

"What stands in the way becomes a way"

"Practice, be your best self"

"it is not what one says, it is what one does"



Saturday, April 24, 2021

"Man in the Arena" Speech by Theodore Roosevelt

MAN IN THE ARENA | Elon Musk - YouTube

Narrated by Lex Friedman (AI researcher working on autonomous vehicles, human-robot interaction, and machine learning at MIT and beyond)

Playing Guitar in a Self-Driving Car - YouTube


Man in the Arena Speech by Theodore Roosevelt with Audio, Read by John F. Kennedy - YouTube


Citizenship in a Republic - Wikipedia

Citizenship in a Republic is the title of a speech given by Theodore Roosevelt, former President of the United States, at the Sorbonne in Paris, France, on April 23, 1910.[1]

One notable passage from the speech is referred to as "The Man in the Arena":[2][3]

It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat.

Someone who is heavily involved in a situation that requires courage, skill, or tenacity (as opposed to someone sitting on the sidelines and watching), is sometimes referred to as "the man in the arena".


Citizenship in a Republic: The Man in the Arena - Theodore Roosevelt @ LeadershipNow

Sunday, April 11, 2021

book: The Innovation Stack

great interview with co-founder of Square and author or a new interesting book
+ references on some other books about innovation 

Hanselminutes Technology Podcast - Fresh Air and Fresh Perspectives for Developers - Outside In: The Innovation Stack with Jim McKelvey

transcript: Podcast transcripts, sponsors, and audience data - Podscribe


the book: 

Amazon.com: The Innovation Stack: Building an Unbeatable Business One Crazy Idea at a Time (9780593086735): McKelvey, Jim: Books

"In 2009, a St. Louis glassblowing artist and recovering computer scientist named Jim McKelvey lost a sale because he couldn't accept American Express cards. Frustrated by the high costs and difficulty of accepting credit card payments, McKelvey joined his friend Jack Dorsey (the cofounder of Twitter) to launch Square, a startup that would enable small merchants to accept credit card payments on their mobile phones. With no expertise or experience in the world of payments, they approached the problem of credit cards with a new perspective, questioning the industry's assumptions, experimenting and innovating their way through early challenges, and achieving widespread adoption from merchants small and large..."


summaries: 



more interviews


quote: "The future is already here — it's just not very evenly distributed."
William Gibson - Wikiquote


related books: 






another good article with the same title, while unrelated, from another well known entrepreneur: 



Saturday, March 13, 2021

Heroic Optimize with Brian Johnson

How to Discover Your Purpose in Less than 5 Seconds. :) - YouTube

asking myself the question:

"what with the highest version of me do in this moment"

moment the next moment the next month 

when you're feeling fear you're feeling anxiety or feeling stress
maybe you go over here and you you practice the gratitude and the grateful flow...



Saturday, February 27, 2021

The Strangest Secret by Earl Nightingale

The Strangest Secret

The Strangest Secret: Nightingale, Earl: 9781603865579: Amazon.com: Books

SUCCESS: Success is the progressive realization of a worthy ideal.”

GOALS: People with goals succeed because they know where they’re going

WE BECOME WHAT WE THINK ABOUT

AS YE SOW and SO SHALL YE REAP

30-DAY ACTION

The Strangest Secret Earl Nightingale Conant 1950's Original FULL - YouTube

PNTV: The Strangest Secret by Earl Nightingale (#174) - YouTube

The Strangest Secret by Earl Nightingale

The Strangest Secret - Wikipedia

The Strangest Secret was a 1956 spoken word record by Earl Nightingale which sold over one million copies and received the first Gold Record for the spoken word,[1] which helped launch the fields of business motivation and audio publishing. It was later adapted into print and video forms.[2][3]

Saturday, January 23, 2021

book: Make It Stick: The Science of Successful Learning

 Make It Stick: The Science of Successful Learning: Brown, Peter C., Roediger III, Henry L., McDaniel, Mark A.: 4708364242277: Amazon.com: Books

TOC:

  1. Learning is misunderstood
  2. To learn, retrieve
  3. Mix up your practice
  4. Embrace difficulties
  5. Avoid illusions of knowing
  6. Get beyond learning styles
  7. Increase your abilities
  8. Make it stick.

Make It Stick: The Science of Successful Learning | Barbara Oakley

" one of the very best books on learning currently in existence
...
it’s a wonderful romp through the various techniques that are valuable in making your learning stick. What has impressed us is not only the scientific rigor of the work (thanks, Henry Roediger III and Mark McDaniel!), but also Peter’s in-depth explanations and wide-ranging examples—this is not a fluff job of a book"


  • Mindless repetition does not build memory – quality, type and timing of repetition are each as important as quantity;
  • Fluency is not the same as understanding – just because you can repeat something, it doesn’t mean you get it;
  • Creativity and knowledge are not separate – creativity requires knowledge, and knowledge must be memorized.

  • Self-quizzes 
  • Interleaving, randomize
  • Spaced repetition (next day, week, month)
Effort = Retention

interview with the book author:

"The first one is that we think of learning as getting stuff into the brain,
but it turns out that learning really happens

when we struggle to get stuff out of the brain.
It's that effort to recall, explain, relate, put in our own words,
something new or a new skill or semantic knowledge, that really leads to the learning.
Moving the new material from short-term memory into long-term memory
and connecting it to what we already know.
So, getting it out, not trying to put it in, is key.
And most of us, when we're trying to get something,
we'll just re-read and re-read and try to re-expose ourselves to it.
To burn it in.That doesn't work.

The second big idea for me is
that there are some kinds of difficulties
that are, in fact, desirable for long-term learning
.
I’ve made the point that trying to get learning out of the mind is an important strategy.
It turns out that if you space out your practice,
so that you've gotten a little rusty on the new material,
it takes extra effort to retrieve it.
That added difficulty causes the mind to reconsolidate the learning.
And it strengthens the connections to what you already know.
And the cues to retrieve it again later.
There are other difficulties like mixing up the practice of similar problem types.
Instead of focusing on one type, you know -
... 
So, mixed practice is, uh, interleaving the practice of similar problem types,
is a very powerful difficulty that is desirable.
And there are some others as well.
So, there are certainly difficulties that are not desirable.
If you read something in a language you don't know, that's an undesirable difficulty.
I mean, we can think of many undesirable difficulties.
But not all difficulty is undesirable.

The third big idea for me is this notion
that when we learn something new, we are actually,
uh, it's not like getting a new bump on the head.
But we are re-wiring our brains.
Our neurons are growing a new axon to connect with other neurons.
This came home to me, visually, in a video in a clip,
a Nova TV clip of a neural scientist, Eric Kandel,
who has won a Nobel for his work.
Where you can actually see a video of a sea slug neuron
being stimulated and the axon growing out to reach another neuron.
It is a physical phenomenon.
The point being that through the right kind of mental engagement,
that kind of effort, we are changing our minds
and increasing our mental abilities.
Our mental abilities are not fixed with the gift of our genes.
We have the ability to substantially affect our mental abilities
through the right kinds of learning effort.
It re-wires the brain.
It feels difficult, there's actually a reason.
You're re-wiring your brain.
So, the third big idea for me is this idea of a growth mindset.

The fourth one from the research that what feels productive, often is not.
Our intuition often leads us astray...
What you don't understand is that improvement resides in short-term memory.
And it hasn't been consolidated in long-term memory.
It takes hours or days for learning
to be migrated from short-term memory to long-term memory.
And you walk off the golf course
or leave your classroom with that practice feeling you've got it nailed.
Or you spend all-night in an all-nighter and you do well the next day on the exam,
you think, “I’ve locked that stuff in.”
If you come back a week later, you haven't.
You're astonished to discover it's leaked away in the meantime.
So, you cannot trust your sense of what feels productive
as a gauge of whether you're truly learning.
The gauge you need is to demonstrate through retrieval practice.
Through doing it again later
whether, in fact, you've achieved that or not."

Saturday, January 16, 2021

Peak: How to Master Almost Anything: Ericsson, K. Anders: 9780670068760: Amazon.com: Books

Peak: Secrets from the New Science of Expertise - Wikipedia


021 Arete: book: Peak by Anders Ericsson


How to Master Anything: PEAK by Anders Ericsson | Core Message - YouTube
by ProductivityGame


summary:


Peak: Secrets from the New Science of Expertise by Anders Ericsson


Peak by Anders Ericsson and Robert Pool: Summary, Notes and Lessons - Nat Eliason

"If you only read one book on mastering your craft, read this one.

The central message: The right sort of practice ("deliberate practice") carried out over a sufficient period of time leads to improvement.

A common learning obstacle: If you reach a skill level that feels “satisfactory” to you, you stop improving, and even get worse with time.

Two types of practice:

  • Naive practice in a nutshell: I just played it. I just swung the bat and tried to hit the ball. I just listened to the numbers and tried to remember them. I just read the math problems and tried to solve them. This is how most people “practice” but it’s ineffective.
  • Purposeful practice has well-defined, specific goals. Without such a goal, there is no way to judge whether the practice session has been a success.

Components of purposeful practice:

  • Putting a bunch of baby steps together to hit a long term goal, having a plan
  • Feedback, you have to know whether you are doing something right and if not, what mistakes you’re making
  • Getting outside of your comfort zone, feeling uncomfortable. If you never push beyond your comfort zone you’ll never improve.
  • A way to monitor your progress
  • Maintaining motivation

Other rules of purposeful practice:

  • You won’t improve much without giving the task your full attention 
  • Without feedback— either from yourself or from outside observers— you cannot figure out what you need to improve on or how close you are to achieving your goals.

Mental Representations: Your skill in anything is based on the number and quality of “mental representations” you have for the skill.


Deliberate practice is even better than purposeful practice: 

  1. The field must be well developed, the best performers must be clearly far superior to people just entering the field. 
  2. requires a teacher who can provide practice activities designed to help a student improve his or her performance.
  3. Near maximal effort, constantly being taken out of your comfort zone by a teacher or coach. Not “fun”
  4. Well defined, specific goals, not aimed at “overall improvement.”
  5. Full attention and conscious action, no autopilot.
  6. Feedback and constant little improvements, modifying efforts in response to feedback
  7. Building and modifying mental representations
  8. Focusing on building and improving specific skills by focusing on aspects of those skills and improving them

Saturday, January 9, 2021

book: The Compound Effect by Darren Hardy

Amazon.com: The Compound Effect (9781593157241): Hardy, Darren: Books

“The first step toward change is awareness. If you want to get from where you are to where you want to be, you have to start by becoming aware of the choices that lead you away from your desired destination. Become very conscious of every choice you make today so you can begin to make smarter choices moving forward.” – Darren Hardy


Daily Consistency = Massive Results: THE COMPOUND EFFECT by Darren Hardy | Core Message - YouTube

Resist the urge to see immediate results and receive short-term payoffs. Instead, construct a daily habit of constant improvements to generate the compound effect in your life and produce incredible results.

PNTV: The Compound Effect by Darren Hardy (#128) - YouTube


Darren Hardy - Wikipedia


Official Site of Darren Hardy | Success Mentor and New York Times Best Seller

5 Must-Have Traits to #BeTheException

  1. Your Adversities Are Your Advantage
  2. Have PURPOSE and Live In Alignment With It
  3. Use failure as FUEL
  4. Ignite Strong FEELINGS
  5. Strive and Push for MORE


Book Summary: The Compound Effect by Darren Hardy (by James Clear)

The compound effect is the strategy of reaping huge rewards from small, seemingly insignificant actions. You cannot improve something until you measure it. Always take 100 percent responsibility for everything that happens to you.









  • only a few things matter: find them, stick to them, master them





Darren Daily podcast feed


another book from the same author