Friday, November 10, 2017

book: Mastery by Robert Greene

MASTERY by Robert Greene | Animated Core Message - YouTube
Outsourcing + AI = high quality work for a fraction of the cost.
To become irreplaceable in this harsh marketplace, we need to attain Mastery.
Three essential mindsets to Mastery:

  • Primal Curiosity
  • Learning Above Everything Else
  • Unique Combination of skills

Robert Greene: "Mastery" | Talks at Google - YouTube

The key to transforming yourself -- Robert Greene at TEDxBrixton - YouTube

Mastery by Robert Greene - PhilosophersNotes | Optimize with Brian Johnson

PNTV: Mastery by Robert Greene - YouTube by Brian Johnson

Optimize Interview: Mastery with Robert Greene - YouTube  by Brian Johnson

Mastery: Robert Greene: 8601422197709: Books
"Each one of us has within us the potential to be a Master. Learn the secrets of the field you have chosen, submit to a rigorous apprenticeship, absorb the hidden knowledge possessed by those with years of experience, surge past competitors to surpass them in brilliance, and explode established patterns from within. Study the behaviors of Albert Einstein, Charles Darwin, Leonardo da Vinci and the nine contemporary Masters interviewed for this book. "


Thursday, November 2, 2017

Decisions: Ben Franklin Method and more

Decide | Definition of Decide by Merriam-Webster
  • to make a final choice or judgment about
  • to select as a course of action 
  • to infer on the basis of evidence
Sacrifices vs. Decisions | Optimize with Brian Johnson
"The Latin root of the word decide literally means “to cut off.” 
When we make a true decision, we CUT OFF all other options and go ALL IN."

How to Make Good Decision, From Ben Franklin | The Art of Manliness
“My way is to divide half a sheet of paper by a line into two columns; 
writing over the one Pro and over the other Con.
Then during three or four days’ consideration,
I put down under the different heads short hints of the different motives,
that at different time occur to me, for or against the measure.
When I have thus got them altogether in one view, I endeavor to estimate their respective weights; and where I find two, one on each side, that seem equal, I strike them both out.
If I judge some two reasons con equal to some three reasons pro, I strike out five;
and thus proceeding, I find where the balance lies; and if after a day or two of further consideration, nothing new that is of importance occurs on either side, I come to a determination accordingly.”
–Benjamin Franklin

A "spreadsheet variation" of Ben Franklin's method:
  1. Make your columns.
  2. List the important elements of your decision.
  3. List the importance factor of each element
  4. Grade the choices in relation to each element. 
  5. Multiply the importance factor by the grades for each choice
  6. Add up the totals
decision balance sheet decide like ben franklin
Here is a great book that explore making decisions from many interesting angles

Wednesday, November 1, 2017

"The Best Idea in psychology" | Daniel Kahneman

A very interesting observation by Daniel Kahneman, a Nobel laureate:

How to Launch a Behavior-Change Revolution - Freakonomics Freakonomics
KAHNEMAN: There are driving forces that drive you in a particular direction. 
There are restraining forces. Which are preventing you from going there. 
.... behavior is an equilibrium between the driving and the restraining forces.

You can see that the speed at which you drive, for example, is an equilibrium. When you are rushing some place, you feel tired, or you’re worried about police. There is an equilibrium speed. A lot of things can be described as an equilibrium between driving and restraining forces. 

Lewin’s insight was that if you want to achieve change in behavior, there is one good way to do it and one bad way to do it. The good way to do it is by diminishing the restraining forces, not by increasing the driving forces. That turns out to be profoundly non-intuitive."

KAHNEMAN: Diminishing the restraining forces is a completely different kind of activity, because instead of asking, “How can I get him or her to do it?” it starts with a question of, “Why isn’t she doing it already?” Very different question. “Why not?” Then you go one by one systematically, and you ask, “What can I do to make it easier for that person to move?” 

It turns out that the way to make things easier is almost always by controlling the individual’s environment, broadly speaking. By just making it easier. Is there an incentive that work against it? Let’s change the incentives. If there is social pressure? If there is somebody who is against it, I want to influence B. But there is A in the background, and it’s actually A who is a restraining force on B. Let’s work on A, not on B. 

I have never heard a psychological idea that impressed me quite as much as this one, perhaps because I was at an impressionable age."

Kahneman had some more wisdom to add:

"KAHNEMAN: There is a real social problem that if you realistically present to people what can be achieved in solving a problem, they will find that completely uninteresting. You have to over-promise in order to get anything done. That is part of it ... 
Over-promising is part of the game, you know? You can’t get anywhere without some degree of over-promising."

"...Daniel Kahneman the world's most influential living psychologist..."
Daniel Kahneman Quote: “A reliable way to make people believe in falsehoods is frequent repetition, because familiarity is not easily distinguished from truth. Authoritarian institutions and marketers have always known this fact.”

Courage is willingness to take the risk once you know the odds. Optimistic overconfidence means you are taking the risk because you don't know the odds. It's a big difference.

Sunday, October 29, 2017

Brian Johnson: Optimize, Philosophers Notes, +1's

What hat is a "philosopher?"
Direct translation from ancient Greek is "lover of wisdom"

A Philosopher’s Notes – The Book | Optimize with Brian Johnson
A free eBook and audiobook, with wisdom from 100 great books

We improve by making incremental optimizations, small decisions in positive direction, +1 instead of miss-takes that are -1. Good ideas can help to make right choice, and this is what +1's are: nuggets of wisdom from great books.

...Water only boils once it reaches its activation energy point of 212 degrees. 100 degrees certainly won’t do it. 200 degrees won’t do it. Not even 210 degrees will do it. Simmering but not boiling.
Want to boil? Gotta get the heat all the way up to 212. Then you’ll undergo the “specified reaction” and boil.
Same rules apply with fire. 451 degrees is the magic ticket there. Rub two sticks together and get to 400 degrees? Nothing. 449? Nothing. 450? Nope. Nothing.
451? BAM! Let there be light.