Saturday, December 30, 2017

book: The 4 Disciplines of Execution The 4 Disciplines of Execution: Achieving Your Wildly Important Goals eBook: Chris McChesney, Sean Covey, Jim Huling: Kindle Store
  • "Discipline 1. Focus on the Wildly Important.
    Basically, the more you try to do, the less you actually accomplish.
    This is a stark, inescapable principle that we all live with. ...
  • Discipline 2. Act on Lead Measures. This is the discipline of leverage. It’s based on the simple principle that not all actions are created equal. Some actions have more impact that others when reaching for a goal. And it is those you want to identify and act on if you want to reach your goal. ...
  • Discipline 3: Keep a Compelling Scorecard. People play differently when they are keeping score. If you doubt this, watch any group of teenagers playing basketball and see how the game changes the minute scorekeeping begins. ...
  • Discipline 4: Create a Cadence of Accountability. Discipline 4 is where execution really happens. The frst three disciplines set up the game, but until you apply Discipline 4, your team isn’t in the game.”

Friday, December 29, 2017

leadership quotes: Eisenhower: Pull the string...

Pull the string, and it will follow wherever you wish. Push it, and it will go nowhere at all.

Pull the string, and it will follow wherever you wish. Push it, and it will go nowhere at all.  - Dwight D. Eisenhower

You don't lead by hitting people over the head - that's assault, not leadership.

You don't lead by hitting people over the head - that's assault, not leadership.  - Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight D. Eisenhower - Wikipedia
"was an American Army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United Statesfrom 1953 to 1961. During World War II, he was a five-star general in the United States Army and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in Europe. He was responsible for planning and supervising the invasion of North Africa in Operation Torch in 1942–43 and the successful invasion of France and Germany in 1944–45 from the Western Front.
...In 1951–52, he served as the first Supreme Commander of NATO."

Dwight D. Eisenhower on Leadership [Quotes] - DuoParadigms Public Relations & Design, Inc.

“The supreme quality for leadership is unquestionably integrity. Without it, no real success is possible, no matter whether it is on a section gang, a football field, in an army, or in an office.”

“It is better to have one person working with you than three people working for you.”

“In preparing for battle I have always found that plans are useless, but planning is indispensable.”

Saturday, December 16, 2017

book: Smarter Faster Better by Charles Duhigg

Smarter Faster Better: The Transformative Power of Real Productivity: Charles Duhigg: 9780812983593: Books

podcast interview:
Increase Your Productivity and Reclaim Your Life | Building a StoryBrand
  • "Create Mental Models to Take Charge of Your Day
  • Maintain an Inner Locus of Control
  • Change the Way You Make To-Do Lists (only 3 top items!)
  • Link Unpleasant Activities to a Deep Aspiration
  • View Your Choices as Experiments"
  • 'To motivate yourself, you must believe you have autonomy over your actions and surroundings.
  • “People who are particularly good at managing their attention are in the habit of telling themselves stories all the time.”
  • “Experiments have shown that people with SMART goals are more likely to seize on the easiest tasks, to become obsessed with finishing projects, and to freeze on priorities once a goal has been set.”
  • “Good decision making is contingent on a basic ability to envision what happens next.”
  • “Innovation becomes more likely when old ideas are mixed in new ways.”'

Friday, November 24, 2017

free book: Ask Method

podcast interview:
#233: Ryan Levesque—Better Questions, More Sales | EntreLeadership

"In working with businesses across 23 different industries, Ryan Levesque—CEO of The ASK Method Company and best-selling author—has discovered what a big (think $100-million- dollars big) difference the smallest subtleties in language can make. Turns out it’s not enough to simply ask people what they want. You have to use the right words in the right way to elicit the most truthful response. "
Free Book | ASK METHOD ® | by Ryan Levesque

"Quiz" is much better than "Survey"

Open ended questions are in general better than yes/no.

book: Decisive: How to Make Better Choices in Life by Chip Heath, Dan Heath Decisive: How to Make Better Choices in Life and Work eBook: Chip Heath, Dan Heath: Kindle Store

book's web site: Decisive - Heath Brothers Heath Brothers

Member Resources - Heath Brothers Heath Brothers
  • Widen your options
    • Narrow framing leads us to overlook options 
      • avoid “whether or not” decisions
      • find more options
    • Who has already solved your problem?
      • look for current bright spots (local) 
      • best practices (regional) 
      • analogies from related domains (distant)
  • Reality‐test your assumptions
    • confirmation bias: skewed, self-serving information
    • To combat that bias, we can: 
      • ask dis-confirming questions
      • zoom out and 
      • zoom in 
      • conduct small experiments
  • Attain distance before deciding
    • Short-term emotion tempts us to make choices that are bad in the long term
    • What would I tell my best friend? 
    • What would my successor do?
    • Clarify our core priorities, and go on the offensive for them
  • Prepare to be wrong
    • We are typically overconfident
    • should prepare for bad outcomes, 
    • as well as good ones 
    • set up "tripwires": trigger conditions to get our attention (M&M, Zappos $1000)
Chip Heath: Being Decisive - YouTube

Decisive Ch 1 - Widening Your Options - YouTube

Dan Heath: Being Decisive - YouTube

DECISIVE by Chip and Dan Heath | Animated Core Message - YouTube

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

person: Ray Dalio: Principles, Economy, Ideas

new book:
Principles: Life and Work: Ray Dalio:

interview with the author, by Tony Robbins:
Success strategies from a self-made billionaire |

"Ray founded the investment management firm Bridgewater Associates in 1975 out of his two-bedroom New York City apartment. Four decades later, Bridgewater has grown to be the largest hedge fund in the world, managing over 160 billion dollars, and making more money for its investors than any other hedge fund in history. Dalio himself has appeared on the Time 100 list of the most influential people in the world, as well as the Bloomberg Markets list of the 50 most influential people."

"The 5 things you need to be successful:
  1. Create audacious goals
  2. Diagnose the problems to determine the root causes
  3. Determine the design for what you will do about the root causes
  4. Decide to work with people who are strong where you are weak
  5. Push through to results"

Friday, November 10, 2017

book: Mastery by Robert Greene

MASTERY by Robert Greene | Animated Core Message - YouTube
Outsourcing + AI = high quality work for a fraction of the cost.
To become irreplaceable in this harsh marketplace, we need to attain Mastery.
Three essential mindsets to Mastery:

  • Primal Curiosity
  • Learning Above Everything Else
  • Unique Combination of skills

Robert Greene: "Mastery" | Talks at Google - YouTube

The key to transforming yourself -- Robert Greene at TEDxBrixton - YouTube

Mastery by Robert Greene - PhilosophersNotes | Optimize with Brian Johnson

PNTV: Mastery by Robert Greene - YouTube by Brian Johnson

Optimize Interview: Mastery with Robert Greene - YouTube  by Brian Johnson

Mastery: Robert Greene: 8601422197709: Books
"Each one of us has within us the potential to be a Master. Learn the secrets of the field you have chosen, submit to a rigorous apprenticeship, absorb the hidden knowledge possessed by those with years of experience, surge past competitors to surpass them in brilliance, and explode established patterns from within. Study the behaviors of Albert Einstein, Charles Darwin, Leonardo da Vinci and the nine contemporary Masters interviewed for this book. "


Thursday, November 2, 2017

Decisions: Ben Franklin Method and more

Decide | Definition of Decide by Merriam-Webster
  • to make a final choice or judgment about
  • to select as a course of action 
  • to infer on the basis of evidence
Sacrifices vs. Decisions | Optimize with Brian Johnson
"The Latin root of the word decide literally means “to cut off.” 
When we make a true decision, we CUT OFF all other options and go ALL IN."

How to Make Good Decision, From Ben Franklin | The Art of Manliness
“My way is to divide half a sheet of paper by a line into two columns; 
writing over the one Pro and over the other Con.
Then during three or four days’ consideration,
I put down under the different heads short hints of the different motives,
that at different time occur to me, for or against the measure.
When I have thus got them altogether in one view, I endeavor to estimate their respective weights; and where I find two, one on each side, that seem equal, I strike them both out.
If I judge some two reasons con equal to some three reasons pro, I strike out five;
and thus proceeding, I find where the balance lies; and if after a day or two of further consideration, nothing new that is of importance occurs on either side, I come to a determination accordingly.”
–Benjamin Franklin

A "spreadsheet variation" of Ben Franklin's method:
  1. Make your columns.
  2. List the important elements of your decision.
  3. List the importance factor of each element
  4. Grade the choices in relation to each element. 
  5. Multiply the importance factor by the grades for each choice
  6. Add up the totals
decision balance sheet decide like ben franklin
Here is a great book that explore making decisions from many interesting angles

Wednesday, November 1, 2017

"The Best Idea in psychology" | Daniel Kahneman

A very interesting observation by Daniel Kahneman, a Nobel laureate:

How to Launch a Behavior-Change Revolution - Freakonomics Freakonomics
KAHNEMAN: There are driving forces that drive you in a particular direction. 
There are restraining forces. Which are preventing you from going there. 
.... behavior is an equilibrium between the driving and the restraining forces.

You can see that the speed at which you drive, for example, is an equilibrium. When you are rushing some place, you feel tired, or you’re worried about police. There is an equilibrium speed. A lot of things can be described as an equilibrium between driving and restraining forces. 

Lewin’s insight was that if you want to achieve change in behavior, there is one good way to do it and one bad way to do it. The good way to do it is by diminishing the restraining forces, not by increasing the driving forces. That turns out to be profoundly non-intuitive."

KAHNEMAN: Diminishing the restraining forces is a completely different kind of activity, because instead of asking, “How can I get him or her to do it?” it starts with a question of, “Why isn’t she doing it already?” Very different question. “Why not?” Then you go one by one systematically, and you ask, “What can I do to make it easier for that person to move?” 

It turns out that the way to make things easier is almost always by controlling the individual’s environment, broadly speaking. By just making it easier. Is there an incentive that work against it? Let’s change the incentives. If there is social pressure? If there is somebody who is against it, I want to influence B. But there is A in the background, and it’s actually A who is a restraining force on B. Let’s work on A, not on B. 

I have never heard a psychological idea that impressed me quite as much as this one, perhaps because I was at an impressionable age."

Kahneman had some more wisdom to add:

"KAHNEMAN: There is a real social problem that if you realistically present to people what can be achieved in solving a problem, they will find that completely uninteresting. You have to over-promise in order to get anything done. That is part of it ... 
Over-promising is part of the game, you know? You can’t get anywhere without some degree of over-promising."

"...Daniel Kahneman the world's most influential living psychologist..."
Daniel Kahneman Quote: “A reliable way to make people believe in falsehoods is frequent repetition, because familiarity is not easily distinguished from truth. Authoritarian institutions and marketers have always known this fact.”

Courage is willingness to take the risk once you know the odds. Optimistic overconfidence means you are taking the risk because you don't know the odds. It's a big difference.

Sunday, October 29, 2017

Brian Johnson: Optimize, Philosophers Notes, +1's

What hat is a "philosopher?"
Direct translation from ancient Greek is "lover of wisdom"

A Philosopher’s Notes – The Book | Optimize with Brian Johnson
A free eBook and audiobook, with wisdom from 100 great books

We improve by making incremental optimizations, small decisions in positive direction, +1 instead of miss-takes that are -1. Good ideas can help to make right choice, and this is what +1's are: nuggets of wisdom from great books.

...Water only boils once it reaches its activation energy point of 212 degrees. 100 degrees certainly won’t do it. 200 degrees won’t do it. Not even 210 degrees will do it. Simmering but not boiling.
Want to boil? Gotta get the heat all the way up to 212. Then you’ll undergo the “specified reaction” and boil.
Same rules apply with fire. 451 degrees is the magic ticket there. Rub two sticks together and get to 400 degrees? Nothing. 449? Nothing. 450? Nope. Nothing.
451? BAM! Let there be light.

Tuesday, October 24, 2017

7 Essential Qualities of All Great Leaders by Brian Tracy

7 Essential Qualities of All Great Leaders - YouTube

book: The Effective Executive by Peter Drucker

The Effective Executive: The Definitive Guide to Getting the Right Things Done (Harperbusiness Essentials): Peter F. Drucker: 8601420130388: Books (1967)

"This book rests on two premises: The executive’s job is to be effective; and,effectiveness can be learned.”
~ Peter F. Drucker  

If there is one ‘secret’ of effectiveness, it is concentration.
Effective executives do first things first and they do one thing at a time.”
~ Peter F. Drucker

“Management books usually deal with managing other people. The subject of this book is managing oneself for effectiveness. That one can truly manage other people is by no means adequately proven. But one can always manage oneself. Indeed, executives who do not manage themselves for effectiveness cannot possibly expect to manage their associates and subordinates. Management is largely by example. Executives who do not know how to make themselves effective in their own job and work set the wrong example."

The Effective Executive by Peter F. Drucker - PhilosophersNotes | Optimize with Brian Johnson

"Peter Drucker is considered the father of modern management

"Effective executives:
  1. know where their time goes - work systematically at managing the little of their time that can be brought under their control. This three-step process:• recording time,• managing time,• consolidating time is the foundation of executive effectiveness
  2. focus on outward contribution - gear their efforts to results rather than to work What results are expected of me?
  3. build on their strengths - their own strengths, the strengths of their superiors, colleagues, and subordinates; and on the strengths of the situation, that is, on what they can do.
    They do not build on weakness. They do not start out with the things they 
    cannot do.
  4. concentrate on the few major areas where superior performance will produce outstanding results. ... set priorities and stay with their priority decisions. do first things first - and second things not at all
  5. make effective decisions system - of the right steps in the right sequence. What is needed are few, but fundamental, decisions strategy rather than tactics" 

Sunday, October 15, 2017

book: Hackers And Painters

Hackers & Painters.jpg
Hackers And Painters Summary - Four Minute Books

"Hackers And Painters is a collection of essays by Y Combinator founder Paul Graham about what makes a good computer programmer and how you can code the future if you are one, making a fortune in the process.
  • Lesson 1: Nerds are neither interested in fashion, nor morals, because both are seasonal.
  • Lesson 2: Hackers are much more similar to painters, rather than mathematicians.
    Most people imagine hackers as very calculated people, meticulous planners, who are very analytical. At least for good hackers, the opposite is true.
    Hackers are artists, just like painters.
  • Lesson 3: The ultimate test of your coding skills is user feedback, so try to get it fast!
    Since the value of your work as a programmer is determined by what people think of your projects, the fastest way to get better is to get your work in front of others."
Hackers & Painters - Wikipedia

Hackers & Painters

Paul Graham (computer programmer) - Wikipedia

Hackers & Painters: Big Ideas from the Computer Age: Paul Graham: 0884832891155: Books

Saturday, October 14, 2017

book: The Power of Moments by Chip Heath, Dan Heath

podcast interview, must listen:
How to create life-changing moments |

The Power of Moments: Why Certain Experiences Have Extraordinary Impact - Kindle edition by Chip Heath, Dan Heath. Health, Fitness & Dieting Kindle eBooks @

"The New York Times bestselling authors of Switch and Made to Stick explore why certain brief experiences can jolt us and elevate us and change us—and how we can learn to create such extraordinary moments in our life and work."

book site:
Order The Power of Moments: Why Certain Experiences Have Extraordinary Impact Heath Brothers

"Dan and his brother Chip have written three New York Times bestselling books: Made to Stick, Switch, and Decisive. Their books have sold over two million copies worldwide and have been translated into thirty-three languages including Thai, Arabic, and Lithuanian. The Power of Moments is their most recent book."

Member Resources - Heath Brothers Heath Brothers
free: chapter 1; summary page; mp3

What creates Great moments?
  • elevation, 
  • insight, 
  • pride and 
  • connection

Chip Heath on The Power of Moments at Forrester's CXNYC 2017 - YouTube

Heath Brothers - YouTube - YouTube

Member Resources - Heath Brothers Heath Brothers

book: The Progress Principle The Progress Principle: Using Small Wins to Ignite Joy, Engagement, and Creativity at Work eBook: Teresa Amabile, Steven Kramer: Kindle Store

TEDxAtlanta - Teresa Amabile - The Progress Principle - YouTube
engagement drives performance

most important principle: making progress in meaningful work

Teresa Amabile: "The Progress Principle" | Talks at Google - YouTube

Teresa Amabile: Track Your Small Wins to Motivate Big Accomplishments - YouTube

Benefits of keeping a work diary

  • celebrate small wins
  • plan next steps
  • nurture personal growth
  • cultivate patience

book's web site: Teresa Amabile's Progress Principle

Book Review: The Progress Principle |

The Power of Small Wins

Why progress matters: 6 questions for Harvard's Teresa Amabile | Daniel H. Pink

The Progress Principle by Teresa Amabile, Steven Kramer - PhilosophersNotes | Optimize with Brian Johnson

Wednesday, September 27, 2017

How Caffeine Works?

Caffeine and Adenosine - Caffeine and Dopamine | HowStuffWorks

"Why do so many people consume so much caffeine? Why does caffeine wake you up?
In short, it's all about... brain chemistry.

As adenosine is created in the brain, it binds to adenosine receptors.
This binding causes drowsiness by slowing down nerve cell activity.
To a nerve cell, caffeine looks like adenosine: Caffeine binds to the adenosine receptor.
However, caffeine doesn't slow down the cell's activity like adenosine would
Instead of slowing down because of the adenosine's effect, the nerve cells speed up.

Caffeine's effect on the brain causes increased neuron firing."

Caffeine and Dopamine - Health Benefits of Caffeine | HowStuffWorks

"Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that activates pleasure centers in certain parts of the brain.
Caffeine increases dopamine levels..."

You can see why your body might like caffeine in the short term, especially if you are low on sleep and need to remain active. 
  • Caffeine blocks adenosine reception so you feel alert. 
  • It injects adrenaline into the system to give you a boost. 
  • And it manipulates dopamine production to make you feel good.

How Sleep Works | HowStuffWorks

How Does Caffeine Work? | Mental Floss

"Caffeine may give you that much-needed morning boost, but it can also make you crash—hard...
So when the caffeine wears off... It leaves you feeling even groggier than you felt before."

What Caffeine Really Does to Your Brain

Caffeine: All You Need To Know

The Next Wave: Predicting the future of coffee in New York City

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

book: What Color Is Your Parachute

What Color is Your Parachute? 2017: A Practical Manual for Job-Hunters and Career-Changers: Richard N. Bolles, Mel Foster: 0191091262870: Books

Dick Bolles: "How to Decide what you'll be doing Five Years from Now" | Talks at Google - YouTube

Approach to question "What you will be doing 5 years from now?"
  • Luck: "ignore the question", ride the wave
  • Intuition: "I will know when I see it"
    • to be alert, depends on what you notice, what is different than baseline
    • focus on what you like to work with most: data, people, things 
  • Design (forethought, "planning" does not quite work: can not plan, can design)
    • what are kinds of things that may be needed
    • start with inventory of yourself
    • unlearn image of yourself; rethink who you are
    • gather what you may need
    • write 7 stories about yourself, to identify favorite skills 
What Color Is Your Parachute 2016 | Dick

"In 2009, the most recent year for which I have these figures, out of the 1000 business books that were published that year, only 62 sold more than 5,000 copies. According to BookScan, this is typical. The average non-fiction book now sells less than 5,000 print copies in its entire lifetime. By contrast, “What Color Is Your Parachute? A Practical Manual for Job-Hunters and Career-Changers” has sold over 10,000,000 print copies."

(3) Pinterest
Parachute-Flower.png (687×768)

Effective Job Search: Interview with What Color Is Your Parachute? author Richard N. Bolles - YouTube

Flower Exercise - Anatomy of a Job - YouTube

Jobs | Dick

What Color Is Your Parachute? 2018 By Richard Bolles — Bassocantor Reviews

Richard Bolles Dies at 90; Wrote ‘What Color Is Your Parachute?’ - The New York Times

Friday, July 28, 2017

edu: Khan Academy for Advanced Placement

Khan Academy is the Official Practice Partner for AP | Khan Academy

"free instructional videos, articles, and practice exercises designed to build the knowledge and skills needed for AP-level courses."
Advanced Placement - Wikipedia

"Advanced Placement (AP) is a program in the United States and Canada created by the College Board which offers college-level curricula and examinations to high school students. American colleges and universities may grant placement and course credit to students who obtain high scores on the examinations."

Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Positive Psychology

2016: Positive Psychology with Martin Seligman - YouTube

TED 2004: The new era of positive psychology | Martin Seligman - YouTube

Martin Seligman - Wikipedia

Authentic Happiness | Authentic Happiness

Foundations of Positive Psychology | Coursera
$79 USD per month, includes certificate, or "audit" (watch only) for free
University of Pennsylvania
  • Positive Psychology: Martin E.P. Seligman’s Visionary Science with Dr. Martin E.P. Seligman
    • Jun 26 — Jul 31
  • Positive Psychology: Applications and Interventions with Dr. James Pawelski
  • Positive Psychology: Character, Grit and Research Methods with Dr. Angela Duckworth & Dr. Claire Robertson-Kraft
    • Jun 26 — Jul 31
  • Positive Psychology: Resilience Skills with Dr. Karen Reivich
  • Positive Psychology Specialization Project with Dr. Martin E.P. Seligman

  1. reduce misery
  2. increase happiness 
Three "Happy" Lives:
  • "Pleasant" life (heritable, hard to change, easy to get used to)
  • "Good" life (Engagement, Flow, time stops)
  • "Meaningful" life 

Authentic Happiness: Using the New Positive Psychology to Realize Your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment: Martin E. P. Seligman: 8601404545245: Books

Authentic Happiness by Martin Seligman - YouTube
review by Brian Johnson

“…there is astonishing convergence across the millennia and across cultures about virtue and strength. Confucius, Aristotle, Aquinas, the Bushido samurai code, the Bhagavad-Gita, and other venerable traditions disagree on the details, but all of these codes include six core virtues:  
  • Wisdom and knowledge
  • Courage
  • Love and humanity
  • Justice
  • Temperance
  • Spirituality and transcendence
“I do not believe that you should devote overly much effort to correcting your weaknesses.
Rather, I believe that the highest success in living and the deepest emotional satisfaction comes from building and using your signature strengths.”

Job => Career => Calling
"Know your strengths, use them often, you will be happier"

Learned Optimism: How to Change Your Mind and Your Life - Kindle edition by Martin E.P. Seligman. Religion & Spirituality Kindle eBooks @

Learned Optimism by Martin Seligman - YouTube
review by Brian Johnson

“Habits of thinking need not be forever. One of the most signi
in psychology in the last twenty years is that individuals can change how
they think.”
 Martin Seligman

“Learned optimism is not a rediscovery of the ‘power of positive thinking.’ … Changing the
destructive things you say to yourself when you experience the setbacks that life deals all of us is
the central skill of optimism.”

“There are three crucial dimensions to your explanatory style:

  • Permanence: Is it likely to continue? Is it permanent or temporary?  
    • Good: pessimist things is temporary, optimists things is permanent
    • Bad:  pessimist things is permanent, optimists things is temporary
  • Pervasiveness: Is it reflective of your whole life? Is it “universal” or is it “specific”?  
    • Good: pessimist: fluke, optimists: universal
    • Bad:  pessimist: universal, optimists: fluke
  • Personalization: Internal or external?  
    • Good: pessimist: external, optimists: internal
    • Bad: pessimist: internal, optimists: external
Start paying attention to your internal dialogue, notice the patterns, and try to optimize your three P’s... when anxious or worried, pause for a moment and pay attention to what you’re saying to yourself

“Unlike dieting, learned optimism is easy to maintain once you start. Once you get into the
habit of disputing negative beliefs, your daily life will run much better, and you will feel much

Characteristics for job success:
  1. Aptitude
  2. Motivation
  3. Optimism  
"Success requires persistence, the ability to not give up in the face of failure. I believe that
optimistic explanatory style is the key to persistence.”
- Martin Seligman

What is Active and Constructive Responding? | GoStrengths!

Active & Constructive Responding - YouTube
by Dr. Martin Seligman
Active Constructive Responding - YouTube

Building Resilience by Martin E.P. Seligman @ HBR, 2011

Building the State of Wellbeing
 - A Strategy for South Australia
 - Professor Martin Seligman (PDF)

Tuesday, June 20, 2017

book: The paradox of choice

Paradox of Choice cover.jpg
Barry Schwartz: The paradox of choice | TED Talk |

The paradox of choice | Barry Schwartz - YouTube

The Paradox of Choice - Wikipedia

"The Paradox of Choice - Why More Is Less is a 2004 book by American psychologist Barry Schwartz. In the book, Schwartz argues that eliminating consumer choices can greatly reduce anxiety for shoppers.

Autonomy and Freedom of choice are critical to our well being, and choice is critical to freedom and autonomy. Nonetheless, though modern Americans have more choice than any group of people ever has before, and thus, presumably, more freedom and autonomy, we don't seem to be benefiting from it psychologically."

The Paradox of Choice: Why More Is Less: Barry Schwartz, Ken Kliban: 9781491514238: Books

New Great Design Science with Mark Miller @ .NET Rocks! vNext

book: The 5 Second Rule

podcast interview with author:
#208: Mel Robbins—5 Seconds to a Better Life and Business | EntreLeadership

How to stop screwing yourself over | Mel Robbins | TEDxSF - YouTube

The Five Elements of the The 5 Second Rule
"The 5 Second Rule is simple. If you have an instinct to act on a goal, you must physically move within 5 seconds or your brain will kill it."
book site: Mel Robbins | The 5 Second Rule Author
Chapter 1

The 5 Second Rule | Mel Robbins | Book Summary, Reviews

The 5 Second Rule: Transform your Life, Work, and Confidence with Everyday Courage: Mel Robbins: 9781682612385: Books

Friday, May 26, 2017

Elon Musk's First Principles

Elon Musk's First Principles - Business Insider

"Before he was a world-changing entrepreneur, Elon Musk was on track to become a physicist - even starting an applied physics Ph.D. at Stanford University
... it trained him in "first principles thinking," a mode of inquiry that relentlessly pursues the foundations of a problem.

"I think it's important to reason from first principles rather than by analogy," Musk said in an interview with Kevin Rose.

"The normal way we conduct our lives is we reason by analogy," he said. "[With analogy] we are doing this because it's like something else that was done, or it is like what other people are doing. [With first principles] you boil things down to the most fundamental truths … and then reason up from there."

"How is it even possible that Elon Musk could build four multibillion companies by his mid-40s — in four separate fields (software, energy, transportation, and aerospace)?
this article... calls people like Musk “expert-generalists” ... study widely in many different fields, understand deeper principles that connect those fields, and then apply the principles to their core specialty.
Starting from his early teenage years, Musk would read through two books per day in various disciplines according to his brother,"

First, he deconstructs knowledge into fundamental principles
Musk’s answer on a Reddit AMA describes how he does that:

"It is important to view knowledge as sort of a semantic tree — make sure you understand the fundamental principles, i.e. the trunk and big branches, before you get into the leaves/details or there is nothing for them to hang onto."
By looking at lots of diverse cases when we learn anything, we begin to intuit what is essential and even craft our own unique combinations.
What does this mean in our day-to-day life? When we’re jumping into a new field, we shouldn’t just take one approach or best practice. We should explore lots of different approaches, deconstruct each one, and then compare and contrast them. This will help us uncover underlying principles."

Foundation 20 // Elon Musk - YouTube
interview by Kevin Rose

Elon Musk Interview 2017 | TEDTalk - YouTube

Richard Feynman - Wikiquote
The first principle is that you must not fool yourself 
and you are the easiest person to fool.The first principle is that you must not fool yourself and you are the easiest person to fool. - Richard P. Feynman